How to Install a Local Area Network in Your Home





Most homes these days are equipped with Wi-Fi, but if you want to stream video from your living room to the kitchen, or if you need more speed than Wi-Fi can provide, you’ll need to install a LAN in your home. Luckily, it’s easier to set up than you might think! Just follow these steps and you’ll be well on your way to creating a seamless home network!


Determine the scope of your project.

A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that connects computers, devices and people within a specific geographical area. A LAN can be established by hard-wiring the systems together with cables or wirelessly by using WiFi. 

Installing a LAN can help you share files, printers and other resources between computers at your home or office, as well as access the internet or other remote networks. Today we will focus on how to install a LAN at home. First, figure out what kind of connection type you have at your house. 

If you are lucky enough to have fiber optic cable running through your walls, then congratulations! You don't need to read this tutorial because fiber optic is the easiest connection type to set up. 

If not then read on! There are two types of connections: wired and wireless. To set up a wired connection, all computers must be connected via Ethernet cables directly into their respective ports on each machine's router/hub. 

The most common wired connection type is ethernet but there are many others so make sure you choose one that's appropriate for your needs! Next, determine which side of the router your computer(s) should be plugged into. Generally it doesn't matter which side they're plugged into but if you plug them in to the wrong side then they won't be able to connect to the internet or other computers on the LAN. 

Then proceed to installing software drivers for each machine and any necessary updates before connecting them together with ethernet cables.

If you have a wireless connection type, then follow these steps: first, place your router where it'll get good reception from all areas of your house without being obstructed by any large objects like furniture; next, use an Ethernet cable from your modem to connect one end of it; lastly plug in both ends of an Ethernet cable into a PC/laptop. 

Plug in the second end of the cable into any port on the back of your router and wait for the LEDs to light up indicating it has been detected. Note: if none of the LEDs light up when you plug something in then unplug whatever was just plugged in and try again until they do. Next, click on start >> run >> cmd>> ipconfig. 

Write down your IP address - write this number down somewhere else too because we're going to need it later. On another PC/Laptop enter 192.168. followed by a space >> enter your IP address >> enter another space >> put a tick mark next to static>> press enter


Gather the necessary materials.

The first step is to gather the materials. You will need the following: A desktop computer, an ethernet cable, a power outlet, and an internet connection. Next, find the network card on your computer and plug one end of the ethernet cable into it. Run the other end of the cable down any free outlet until you reach the wall jack closest to your desktop computer. Unplug your modem from this jack and plug it into another one so that you can use both jacks for networking. 

Once you have your modem plugged into two jacks, plug one end of another ethernet cable into your modem's LAN port and run it through any available outlets until it reaches a wall jack with unused outlets. Plug the other end of this cable into your new router (this should also be running at 100 Mbps) and then connect the router to your modem by connecting it to the WAN or Internet port. 

Finally, insert the third ethernet cable from your new router into any open port on your desktop computer (usually labeled LAN). Turn both modems off before turning them back on again. Power up all three devices at once - either by flipping their switches or unplugging and replugging their power cords - then turn them off again once they are fully powered up. 

Wait about 30 seconds after turning them back on before proceeding onto the next steps. Find the Start menu on your desktop and click Run. Type cmd in the box, without quotation marks, then press enter. In the command prompt window type ipconfig /all to see if there has been a change. If there has not been any changes than proceed onto step 7. If there has been changes please call us toll-free at 1-800-555-1234 ext 1234 and we'll take care of it right away! We're always here to help!


Prepare your workspace.

# Turn off all of the computers and turn them on one at a time. Make sure you are using the correct operating system for the type of computer. 

# In order to install an Ethernet network, you will need an Ethernet cable. Connect one end of the cable into your modem or router and connect the other end into any available port on your computer. # The next step is to confirm that both computers are using the same language settings and that they're connected with each other via Ethernet cables. 

Finally, make sure that you have properly installed any necessary drivers for your particular operating system. 

Once completed, you should be able to access the internet from another computer via your home network. If this does not work, try rebooting the second computer and connecting it with the first computer again. 

You may also want to consult someone who specializes in setting up networks. Remember to test your new connection by attempting to open websites on the two different computers. If these sites do not load, try rebooting both computers and reconnecting them before trying again. It's likely that the problem is due to firewall settings blocking access to certain sites. To fix this issue, please consult someone who specializes in networking issues. Don't forget to check if there are updates available for your router or modem software as well as checking if there's a software conflict between devices (such as between printer and scanner). 

If none of these steps help, contact us! We'll be happy to assist you over the phone or in person. Our hours are Monday through Friday, 8:30am-5pm EST.


Install the network hardware.

1. Investigate the different types of network hardware that are available. For example, you can install an Ethernet wired network or install a wireless network. If you choose wireless, you will need to purchase and install wireless access points and routers (or use your home's existing router for your wireless). 

2. Determine how many computers will be connected on the LAN by counting all of the computers that will be used on the Internet at the same time--this is known as bandwidth. The general rule is that every computer should have about 100Mb/sec of bandwidth in order for it to function optimally; however, this number varies depending on what type of software and applications are being used. 

A person who does video editing might require more bandwidth than someone who just browses the web. Check with each of your family members to see what their computing needs are before deciding how much bandwidth to allocate per machine; remember that machines which are less often used could benefit from lower bandwidth allocation. Once you know how much bandwidth each computer will need, research networking devices and decide which ones best meet your needs based on price, quality, speed, and any other specifications.

3. Once you've determined what devices to buy, find a place for them to live - this may involve moving furniture or adding racks for equipment in your attic if necessary. Remember to leave space so that cables aren't running through high-traffic areas like kitchens or hallways! You'll also want to determine where power sources will go so that everything can run properly. 

4. Buy and install the networking devices: figure out where they're going first! If possible, do this in advance. Unscrewing floorboards can make it easier to create pathways to locations that are difficult to reach, but not always practical. Leave a space between each device when installing the networking hardware so there is room for cabling later on and ensure that wires are hidden behind couches or down walls whenever possible; look into creating custom cable organizers if you don't already have any lying around.


Configure the network settings.

You will need to configure the network settings on your router. You can find these instructions from your manufacturer or by performing a quick Google search for how to configure your router. If you're not sure which settings you'll need, set them up with what's called default values. 

That way, if something doesn't work, you'll know it's because of something other than the network configuration. The most important setting is likely your password, so make this one strong. 

The second step is setting up the wireless connection.: Configure your router's wireless settings and broadcast its SSID. The SSID (or Service Set Identifier) is the name of your Wi-Fi signal. It broadcasts a Wi-Fi signal to all devices within range. 

For instance, my home has three routers that are broadcasting an SSID named SparksFamily. All devices within range of that router can then connect wirelessly. 

The next step is choosing your security options.: Most routers have at least two types of security: encryption and authentication. These are typically labeled WPA/WPA2-PSK (encryption only), WEP (old encryption), WPA/WPA2-PSK + AES encryption, or WPA/WPA2-PSK + TKIP encryption. 

Choose the option best suited for your needs. Some people use encryption only, but I prefer using a stronger type of encryption that also includes authentication.

The third step is connecting your computers to the network.: Make sure that each computer's Ethernet cable is plugged into the LAN port on the back of the router - usually located near where you plug in your cable modem or DSL box. Keep in mind that some older laptops may not have an Ethernet port available, but many newer ones do. 

If you don't see one available, look around on Amazon; they sell small USB adapters for just such occasions! Once both computers are connected to the LAN ports on your router, power cycle both computers and wait 10 seconds before continuing to ensure everything is working correctly. 

Then open your browser and try to go online. If you're able to successfully access the internet, congratulations! You've now got yourself a fully functional local area network at home. Now that you've completed this task, why not turn off WiFi on your phone so as not to accidentally use data?


Test the network.

Plug one end of the Ethernet cable into the router and plug the other end into your computer. Open up your web browser and type 192.168.1.1 into the address bar, then press enter on your keyboard. It should automatically load a page with some basic information about your local area network (LAN).

 If you've hooked everything up correctly, it will show you all of the computers that are connected to this LAN by name and their MAC address - which is what allows them to connect wirelessly. Make sure your network settings are set to DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) or Static IP if you're not using DHCP. The default login credentials for Linksys routers is username: admin, password: admin The following screens will tell you how many connections are available on your wireless network, the encryption types that are being used, and whether or not your Internet connection has been secured with a firewall. 

Press Next at the bottom of these screens to continue through the setup process.

After pressing Next, you'll be asked to create a new wireless security key or use an existing one. Enter in a new key if necessary, then make sure Apply is highlighted before pressing Next again; otherwise this change won't be saved! 

If you have successfully completed the installation process, make sure Apply is selected at the bottom of the screen before pressing Finish because this saves any changes made during setup! This process can take a while depending on the speed of your internet connection, so please be patient. You may also want to try different wireless channels to see if they offer better connectivity. 

Remember that channel 1 and 11 are least congested channels but 11 doesn't work well with older devices such as those running 802.11b technology. In addition, channels 1, 6, and 11 can penetrate walls better than other channels due to less interference from competing sources of radio waves like microwaves and cordless phones; however since most people's devices now support newer standards like 802.11g and 802.11n there's no need for so much concern over interfering signals! Just remember to save any changes when prompted before finishing installation.

Remember that channel 1 and 11 are least congested channels but 11 doesn't work well with older devices such as those running 802.11b technology. In addition, channels 1, 6, and 11 can penetrate walls better than other channels due to less interference from competing sources of radio waves like microwaves and cordless phones; 

however since most people's devices now support newer standards like 802.11g and 802.11n there's no need for so much concern over interfering signals! Just remember to save any changes when prompted before finishing installation


Secure the network.

The first thing you will need is a wireless router. You may have one that came with your internet service, but if not, you'll want to research what kind of wireless router would best suit your home. 

Keep in mind that the stronger the signal on your wireless router, the better it will perform and the more devices can be connected. 

The next step is configuring security on your network. If you're setting up parental controls, be sure to set a strong password for both your network and each device so that no one else has access unless they know the password. If you are not setting up parental controls then make sure only people who are authorized have access to your network by setting passwords on individual devices as well as adding them to an authorized list on the router itself. 

Next, install the hardware necessary to extend your network. Most routers come equipped with Ethernet ports which allow you to plug in any number of wired devices like computers or printers; this will give those devices Internet access through the router. Remember that Wi-Fi is limited by range, so even if there's another computer right next to the wireless router, you may still need a wired connection in order to connect it via Wi-Fi. Once all of your hardware is installed, it's time to check everything out. 

You'll want to check the manufacturer's website for any updates available for the software running on your wireless router, as these updates often contain fixes and new features specific to that product. After updating firmware/software, open up an internet browser (you can use Chrome or Firefox) and enter 192.168.1.* into the address bar where * represents your particular model number; this should take you directly to a setup screen where you will configure settings such as time zone, Wi-Fi name and password, etcetera. 

The process should take about 20 minutes from start to finish! As long as you go slow and follow directions carefully, it shouldn't be too difficult at all. 

Don't forget to update firmware before using your wireless router for the first time! For example, some ISPs provide their own default login credentials when you purchase your modem. Before changing anything on your network, it's important to contact customer support for help if needed. 

Continuation (six+ sentences using the words: ): Many ISP providers offer setup wizards online or phone support numbers to assist users with installation and configuration tasks related to their service provider. Be aware that setup wizards vary in terms of quality - some providers do not offer adequate resources for inexperienced users, while others offer outstanding guidance - but every effort has been made here to cover some key topics based upon real life feedback from experts like yourself.


Maintain the network.

Installing a LAN doesn't have to be difficult or expensive. It's all about knowing what you need and the basics of wiring. You'll want to start by setting up your network hub. 

A hub is the center of your network, and it's where all of your devices connect - computers, printers, gaming consoles, etc. Hubs are typically placed in an area that has access to power outlets and ethernet cables (usually near the router). 

The next step is installing your switch. A switch connects two devices that are on the same level - for example, two computers or game consoles on one floor of your home. If you need more bandwidth for additional devices on another level, you can use another switch for those devices as well.

 For example, if there's a bedroom upstairs with multiple devices, you could plug them into their own switch. One important thing to note when installing your LAN is that there should never be a crossover cable between two switches. In other words, do not hook up ports 1&2 on one switch to ports 1&2 on the other switch. Instead, hook port 1 from each switch together and port 2 from each switch together.

 Doing so will allow full connectivity between any device plugged into either of the switches within the same level. When running Ethernet cabling, keep these few things in mind: 

- Patch panels should be located within 10 feet of the computer equipment they're connected to. 

- Place patch panels away from light fixtures and high traffic areas like doorways or hallways. 

- When possible, run Ethernet cabling along baseboards or outside walls rather than through doorways or open areas. 

- Keep networking equipment off carpets whenever possible as they can interfere with signal strength and lead to problems such as data loss over time. - Try to avoid crossing electrical cords. 

- Run wire along exterior walls rather than interior ones if possible. Electrical interference may cause connection errors and disrupted signals at the far end of the line - just make sure to seal any holes in exterior walls before running wires inside! 

- Wiring behind furniture is fine, but make sure there's enough slack so you can reach it without having to move anything first.

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