Network Topology 101 - Everything You Need to Know


Though all computer networks are different, they all share one common trait: network topology. What exactly is network topology? It’s simply the arrangement and layout of your network’s hardware and software, and understanding it can help you improve your business’s technology infrastructure and overall performance. 

This guide will teach you everything you need to know about network topology – from its simplest forms to the most complex ones – so you can make informed decisions about your company’s network design in the future.


In this post, we'll explore the most common network topologies: the bus, ring, star, mesh and tree. A network topology is simply how computers are connected to one another on a network. 

The type of topology chosen for an enterprise depends largely on the level of redundancy desired, but also the cost involved with replacing equipment when it fails. 

A bus network provides no redundancy if any node in the chain fails; this type of connection has high cost and low reliability. 

A ring topology provides limited redundancy because if any node fails, all traffic will be cut off until that node is fixed; with medium cost and medium reliability. 

A star topology offers complete redundancy, so even if a hub or switch fails, there is still access to the network. However, a failure at the hub or switch would disrupt all communications until it was repaired; this type of connection has high cost and high reliability. 

Mesh networks offer total redundancy, meaning that if any point on the grid were to fail, the entire system can still continue working; however these connections have high cost and low reliability. 

Tree networks provide full redundancy as well as high speed transmission, though they are expensive to implement and have low reliability due to their dependence on a central point which could easily fail. To summarize, each network topology's benefit comes with a trade-off. Network designers must choose based on company needs and budget constraints.

Different types of network topologies

A network topology is the configuration of devices and connections in a computer network. There are three basic types: linear, ring and bus. Linear networks have one central point that connects all other devices together. 

Ring networks have two or more points that connect all other devices together. Bus networks have a single point that connects all other devices together. 

The difference between these different types of networks largely comes down to which device is the single point of failure. If this device fails, then no data can flow through the network; if it’s a bus-type network then there will be no way for devices on either side of this device to communicate with each other and share information. 

The advantage here is that if this device fails it will be relatively easy for technicians to locate and fix it so as not to disrupt any traffic passing through the rest of the system. Ring networks provide redundancy and fault tolerance since they have multiple possible paths to follow. 

For example, if you lose one connection in a ring network, you can switch around the connection  until you find another path through the network. 

One of the most common type of topologies today is called mesh networking  because it solves some of the inherent weaknesses present with both bus and ring topologies by providing redundancy within each node instead of at an external point where failures might compromise an entire system.

How to choose the right network topology for your business

Choosing the right network topology for your business can be a difficult process. If you're not sure where to start, ask yourself these questions: 

What are my business needs? 

How many people will be using the network? 

Will users need access from remote locations? 

Are there any special security requirements? 

How much time do I have for installation and training? 

What is my budget? 

The answers will help you determine which of the following four options is best for your business. 

1) Bus (or Star) -This type of network has only one main backbone that connects all devices on the network, with each device having its own connection. 

Bus networks typically offer faster connections than other types of networks because they only use one cable to transmit data in both directions between devices. 

However, this type of network requires that all computers on the network are within physical reach of one another and limits their mobility when compared to wireless networks or ring networks. 

2) Ring - Ring networks provide constant connectivity for all nodes by providing redundant pathways around the entire ring. Unlike bus networks, nodes on a ring network are not constrained by the length of a single cable connecting them to the rest of the system. 

That makes it possible for more mobile devices like laptops to connect wirelessly instead of being limited by physical proximity to an available outlet as would happen with bus networks.

The benefits of using a network topology

A network topology is the set of connections that defines how your computer's hardware and software work together to allow them to share data and other resources. 

There are many different types of network topologies, and each one has its own advantages and disadvantages. 

But in general, it's best to choose a network topology based on the needs of your business and the type of environment you're in. For example, if you have multiple locations but no connection to the internet at any of them, using a hub-and-spoke design would be most appropriate. 

For small networks with just two or three computers, Ethernet works well. Bus networks are also common for smaller setups, as they require little maintenance. And while we're talking about bus networks: If your network doesn't have a designated administrator who keeps everything running smoothly, then Star Networking might be the way to go.

When choosing which type of network topology is right for you, it's important to know what kind of setup you want (the number and location of devices) and what your goals are (security? ease of management?). Don't worry though—we've got all the info you need here!

The challenges of using a network topology

Not all networks are created equal. Some require a specific topology in order to function optimally and some don't. But what is network topology? It's the physical layout of your network cables and nodes, as well as how they connect. There are three main types of network topologies: linear bus, star, and ring.

 Linear bus topology is one where each computer or node connects directly with the next in a line. Star topology has each computer connecting to a central point called a hub (or switch). The last type is ring topology which connects all computers in an unbroken loop. 

All these different layouts have their own benefits, drawbacks, and nuances. Different layouts work best for different tasks such as file sharing vs streaming video data. So whether you're designing a new office space from scratch or trying to figure out why you can't get your Wi-Fi signal upstairs, it pays to know about the options for network topology before making any decisions. If you need more than two connections on a single node, use linear bus topology. 

If you want a system that doesn't allow bottlenecks, use star topology. Ring topology works best when every node has equal importance. 

Linear Bus Topology

What are some potential drawbacks to using wireless internet? 

Can two nodes connected through an Ethernet cable send data simultaneously? Wireless connections require both a device (like your phone) and a connection (like WiFi) to be available in order to establish a connection between them. For example, if your phone connects over WiFi it will not be able to talk to devices connected over Bluetooth because there is no established connection between them.

 Furthermore, because WiFi requires line-of-sight, any objects blocking the signal will prevent you from connecting to your desired node. 

As such, there are many considerations when choosing a network topology including what kind of environment you’ll be using it in and whether or not other nodes are present. 

Depending on the type of networking equipment you're looking at, each will come with their own set of limitations. However, because all three topologies serve different purposes and offer their own benefits, the decision should ultimately depend on what's best for your needs.


To summarize, every network topology has its own pros and cons. It is important for you to have a clear understanding of what the different network topologies are, which one you will most likely use, and why. 

With this knowledge, you can pick the best plan that works with your situation. If you would like more information on the different types of networks or how they work, feel free to contact us! How does CSMA/CD work?